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family of cowpea

January 18, 2021 by  
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"Bionomics, host plant resistance, and management of the legume pod borer, "Genetic Differentiation among Maruca vitrata F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Populations on Cultivated Cowpea and Wild Host Plants: Implications for Insect Resistance Management and Biological Control Strategies", "Pest management practices in cowpea: a review", "Effects of Transgenic Cry1Ac + CpTI Cotton on Non-Target Mealybug Pest, "Screening for Drought Tolerance in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) at Seedling Stage under Screen House Condition", "Diversity of Drought Tolerance in the Genus Vigna", "Africa Imports - African Recipes - Red-Red Stew", "The Long and the Short of Yard-Long Beans", Cowpea research at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Network for Genetic Improvement of Cowpea for All (NGICA), Consensus Document on Compositional Considerations for New Varieties of COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata): Key Food and Feed Nutrients, Anti-nutrients and Other Constituents, OECD Series on the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds No. This paper describes VuC1, a new cystatin cDNA isolated from cowpea leaves (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.). ), Thangadurai, D. (2005). It is one of the important kharif crops grown for vegetable, grain, forage and green manuring purpose. Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world production. And there won’t be any for sale to generate income; and the market, by implication, will witness short supply of cowpea,’’ she said. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) vegetable plays a vital role in the health and nutritional security of human being and it belongs to the family of fabaceae, is a diploid with chromosome number 2n=22 and genome size is 600 Mb. Cowpea weevils (Callosobruchus spp.) [52], Besides biotic stresses, cowpea also faces various challenges in different parts of the world such as drought, heat, and cold. In Kenya, it is popularly known as Kunde. [4] Insect infestation is a major constraint to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90% loss in yield. It is well adapted to harsh arid climates and low fertile soils and more drought- and heat-tolerant than most of its legume relatives (Carvalho et al. [53] Drought lowers the growth rate and development, ultimately reducing yield, although cowpea is considered more drought tolerant than most other crops. Diallel analysis of polyphenols and phytates content in cowpea (. A high level of morphological diversity is found within the species with large variations in the size, shape, and structure of the plant. Kalogeropoulos, N., Chiou, A., Ioannou, M., Karathanos, V. T., Hassapidou, M., & Andrikopoulos, N. K. (2010). [13][25], Cowpeas thrive in poor dry conditions, growing well in soils up to 85% sand. Nutritional quality of important food legumes. [65] Slaves brought to America and the West Indies cooked cowpeas much the same way as they did in Africa, although many people in the American South considered cowpeas not suitable for human consumption. PBR cowpea . Farmed for its leaves and grains, Kunde leaves are more popular as a vegetable than as a grain. The story by another cowpea farmer, James Toryila from the Guma area of the state wasn’t different. This dissertation is dedicated to my family, especially my mother, for believing in me and for supporting me throughout the course of my studies. An edible seed of this plant.... 2. Cowpea plays a vital role in the livelihoods of millions of people in less developed countries of the tropics. Abstract. GRAMMAR A-Z ; SPELLING ; PUNCTUATION ; WRITING TIPS ; USAGE ; EXPLORE . We have over 50,000 free transparent PNG images available to download today. Plant Sci 44:89–98 CrossRef Google Scholar Gepts P, Beavis WD, Brummer EC, Shoemaker RC, Stalker HT, Weeden NF, Young ND (2005) Legumes as a model plant family. Not affiliated [12][14] The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. 78.46.201.52. Moreover, when each cowpea TF family was compared to its counterparts in common bean and soybean with respect to raw number of TFs, all but five of the cowpea TF families were found to be under-represented compared to soybean, while 15 cowpea TF families were over-represented, 19 families were similarly proportioned, and 98 were under-represented compared to common … Black-eyed peas were first introduced to the southern states in the United States and some early varieties had peas squashed closely together in their pods, leading to the other common names of southern pea and crowder pea. [50] One of the plant's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI). Cowpea protein isolates: Functional properties and application in gluten-free rice muffins. 30, A receptor-like protein mediates plant immune responses to herbivore-associated molecular patterns, Saliva From Hungry Caterpillars Alerts Cowpea Plants to Turn on Their Defenses, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cowpea&oldid=992639201, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, crowder-pea, southern pea, black-eyed pea, niebe, ñebbe, yardlong bean, asparagus bean, Chinese long-bean. pp 99-117 | It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea, Crowder Bean, … Tiroesele, B., Thomas, K., & Seketeme, S. (2015). Chavan, J. K., Kadam, S. S., & Beuchat, L. R. (1989). Abstract. Pelembe, L. A. M., Erasmus, C., & Taylor, J. R. N. (2002). [62] The grain is a rich source of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies. Its genome shares a high degree of collinearity with other warm‐season legumes (Phaseoleae tribe), including common bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris L.; Vasconcelos et al ., 2015 ; Muñoz‐Amatriaín et al ., 2017 ). Introduction and Importance of Cowpea: Cowpea crop is a Kharif legume crop and is grown across India for seeds, green pods, animal fodder, and organic green manure. This page was last changed on 16 December 2020, at 17:59. Allen, L., de Benoist, B., Dary, O., & Hurrell, R. (2006). Whole cowpea meal fortified with NaFeEDTA reduces iron deficiency among Ghanaian school children in a malaria endemic area. Commonly known as the pea family, Fabaceae features about 670 genera and nearly 20,000 species of trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs. Cowpea (family Fabaceae) is one of the indigenous leafy vegetables that contributes significantly to household food and nutritional security and societal health, as well as adding variety to cereal-based staple diets in the Southern African region [1]. In bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for over 90% loss in yield. Martinez-Villaluenga, C., Frias, J., & Vidal-Valverde, C. (2008). [19][20] The taproot can penetrate to a depth of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) after eight weeks. Breeding for adaptation to drought and heat in cowpea. Nutritional quality of the protein of. Nutritional evaluation and bioactive microconstituents (phytosterols, tocopherols, polyphenols, triterpenic acids) in cooked dry legumes usually consumed in the Mediterranean countries. The cowpea variety, SAMPEA 20-T, was developed by scientists at the Institute for Agricultural Research (IAR), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria An edible seed of this plant. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) (Pasquet 1998) also known as black-eyed pea, bachapin bean, southern pea, crowder pea, China pea and cow gram is an herbaceous legume belonging to the family Fabaceae.It is well adapted to harsh arid climates and low fertile soils and more drought- and heat-tolerant than most of its legume relatives (Carvalho et al. Cowpeas can be erect, semierect (trailing), or climbing. cowpea, black-eyed pea, or black-eyed bean, annual legume (Vigna sinensis) of the pulse pulse,in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. (2017). Processing and utilization of legumes in the tropics. Frota, G., Lopes, L. A. R., Silva, I. C. V., Alfredo, J. Control of cowpea weevil. Subuola, F., Widodo, Y., & Kehinde, T. (2012). That means my family won’t have enough cowpea for consumption. The following write-up details about Cowpea farming techniques, tips, ideas and cultivation practices.. Cowpea Farming. The short duration cowpea varieties are now being cultivated as a niche crop in wheat–cowpea–rice, rice–cow-pea–rice, maize–double cowpea, sorghum–millet–cowpea … [5], M. vitrata causes the most damage to the growing cowpea due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution. [19][21] Their texture and colour are very diverse. Distributed worldwide, members of the family are generally characterized by compound leaves and the production of fruits known as legumes. [66] A popular dish was Hoppin' John, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork. Phenotypic diversity and evaluation of fresh pods of cowpea landraces from southern Europe. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) vegetable plays a vital role in the health and nutritional security of human being and it belongs to the family of fabaceae, is a diploid with chromosome number 2n=22 and genome size is 600 Mb. It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in). Preet, K., & Punia, D. (2000). Garcia JA, Hillie J, Goldbach R (1987) Transformation of cowpea Vigna unguiculata cells with a full length DNA copy of cowpea mosaic virus m-RNA. A. Sequence analysis revealed a multicystatin … [41], Severe C. maculatus infestations can affect 100% of the stored peas and cause up to 60% loss within a few months. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers) also known as black eye pea is a herbaceous annual crop mostly grown in the dry agro‐ecologies of the tropics in Latin America, Africa and south Asia. Proximate composition, phytic acid, polyphenols and digestibility (in vitro) of four brown cowpea varieties. [70], The cowpea has often been referred to as "poor man's meat" due to the high levels of protein found in the seeds and leaves. [21], Compared to most other important crops, little is known about the domestication, dispersal, and cultivation history of the cowpea. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely grown genus Vigna. Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa and are one of the oldest crops to be farmed. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Prinyawiwatkul, W., McWatters, K. H., Beuchat, L. R., Phillips, R. D., & Uebersak, M. A. [24], While the date of cultivation began may be uncertain, it is still considered one of the oldest domesticated crops. In Kenya, it is popularly known as Kunde. noun. Cowpea nodules harbor non-rhizobial bacterial communities that are shaped by soil type rather than plant genotype. Iqbal, A., Khalil, I. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. genus Vigna, tribe Phaseoleae in Family Fabaceae (Maréchal et al., 1978).It is a self-pollinating diploid with chromosome number 2n = 22 and a genome size of about 613 (Arumuganathan and Earle, 1991) to 640.6 Mb (Lonardi et al., 2019).It is cultivated worldwide especially in Africa, … Lazaridi, E., Ntatsi, G., Fernández, J. [46] The most common methods of protection involve the use of insecticides, the main pesticides used being carbamates, synthetic pyrethoids, and organophosphates. Shevkani, K., Kaur, A., Kumar, S., & Singh, N. (2015). Cystatins are protein inhibitors of cystein proteinases belonging to the papain family. Species: V. unguiculata. The following is a list of Part of Springer Nature. [58] Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling. [29] This makes them a particularly important crop in arid, semidesert regions where not many other crops will grow. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. Browse 469 cowpea stock photos and images available, or search for beans or cassava to find more great stock photos and pictures. The cowpea is also known as the black-eyed pea. ssp. [37] One of the more recent developments is the use a cheap, reusable double-bagging system (called PICs) that asphyxiates the cowpea weevils. They help improve digestion, aid in sleep disorders, manage diabetes, and protect the heart. belongs to the family fabaceae with chromosome number 2n= 22. Selected nutritional components and sensory attributes of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp) leaves. Distributed worldwide, members of the family are generally characterized by compound leaves and the production of fruits known as legumes. Vigna (E) EthnoBotanical Dictionary. As a farmer, you should consider farming cowpea as a vegetable … Niger is the main exporter of cowpeas and Nigeria the main importer. [12][15], The first written reference of the word 'cowpea' appeared in 1798 in the United States. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and Anoplocnemis curvipes Fabricius (Hemiptera: Coreidae). Commonly known as the pea family, Fabaceae features about 670 genera and nearly 20,000 species of trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs.

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